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ClusteredSession.java

/*
 * JBoss, Home of Professional Open Source.
 * Copyright 2006, Red Hat Middleware LLC, and individual contributors
 * as indicated by the @author tags. See the copyright.txt file in the
 * distribution for a full listing of individual contributors.
 *
 * This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of
 * the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This software is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with this software; if not, write to the Free
 * Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
 * 02110-1301 USA, or see the FSF site: http://www.fsf.org.
 */
package org.jboss.web.tomcat.service.session;

import java.beans.PropertyChangeSupport;
import java.io.Externalizable;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.ObjectInput;
import java.io.ObjectOutput;
import java.io.Serializable;
import java.security.Principal;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Enumeration;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Set;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpSessionActivationListener;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSessionAttributeListener;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSessionBindingEvent;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSessionBindingListener;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSessionEvent;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSessionListener;

import org.apache.catalina.Context;
import org.apache.catalina.Globals;
import org.apache.catalina.Session;
import org.apache.catalina.session.StandardSession;
import org.apache.catalina.util.Enumerator;
import org.apache.catalina.util.StringManager;
import org.jboss.logging.Logger;
import org.jboss.metadata.WebMetaData;

/**
 * Abstract base class for session clustering based on StandardSession. Different session
 * replication strategy can be implemented such as session- or attribute-based ones.
 *
 * @author Ben Wang
 * @author Brian Stansberry
 * 
 * @version $Revision: 57206 $
 */
00063 public abstract class ClusteredSession
   extends StandardSession 
   implements Externalizable
{
   private static final long serialVersionUID = -758573655613558722L;
   protected static Logger log = Logger.getLogger(ClusteredSession.class);

   // ----------------------------------------------------- Instance Variables
   /**
    * Descriptive information describing this Session implementation.
    */
00074    protected static final String info = "ClusteredSession/1.0";

   /**
    * Set of attribute names which are not allowed to be replicated/persisted.
    */
00079    protected static final String[] excludedAttributes = {
       Globals.SUBJECT_ATTR
   };
   
   /**
    * Set containing all members of {@link #excludedAttributes}.
    */
00086    protected static final Set replicationExcludes;
   static
   {
      HashSet set = new HashSet();
      for (int i = 0; i < excludedAttributes.length; i++)
      {
         set.add(excludedAttributes[i]);
      }
      replicationExcludes = Collections.unmodifiableSet(set);
   }
   
   protected int invalidationPolicy;

   /**
    * If true, means the local in-memory session data contains
    * changes that have not been published to the distributed cache.
    * 
    * @deprecated not used
    */
00105    protected transient boolean isSessionModifiedSinceLastSave;
   
   /**
    * If true, means the local in-memory session data contains metadata
    * changes that have not been published to the distributed cache. 
    */
00111    protected transient boolean sessionMetadataDirty;
   
   /**
    * If true, means the local in-memory session data contains attribute
    * changes that have not been published to the distributed cache. 
    */
00117    protected transient boolean sessionAttributesDirty;
   
   /**
    * The last version that was passed to {@link #setOutdatedVersion} or
    * <code>0</code> if <code>setIsOutdated(false)</code> was subsequently called.
    */
00123    protected transient int outdatedVersion;
   
   /**
    * The last time {@link #setIsOutdated  setIsOutdated(true)} was called or
    * <code>0</code> if <code>setIsOutdated(false)</code> was subsequently called.
    */
00129    protected transient long outdatedTime;

   /**
    * Version number to track cache invalidation. If any new version number is 
    * greater than this one, it means the data it holds is newer than this one.
    */
00135    protected int version;

   /**
    * The session's id with any jvmRoute removed.
    */
00140    protected transient String realId;
   
   /**
    * Whether JK is being used, in which case our realId will
    * not match our id
    */
00146    private transient boolean useJK;
   
   /**
    * Timestamp when we were last replicated.
    */
00151    protected transient long lastReplicated;

   /**
    * @deprecated Not used
    */
00156    protected transient int maxUnreplicatedFactor = 80;
   
   /**
    * Maximum number of milliseconds this session
    * should be allowed to go unreplicated if access to the
    * session doesn't mark it as dirty. 
    */
00163    protected transient long maxUnreplicatedInterval = 0;
   
   /** True if maxUnreplicatedInterval is 0 or less than maxInactiveInterval */
00166    protected transient boolean alwaysReplicateMetadata = true;
   
   /**
    * Whether any of this session's attributes implement
    * HttpSessionActivationListener.
    */
00172    protected transient Boolean hasActivationListener;
   
   /**
    * Has this session only been accessed once?
    */
00177    protected transient boolean firstAccess;

   /**
    * The string manager for this package.
    */
00182    protected static StringManager sm =
      StringManager.getManager(ClusteredSession.class.getPackage().getName());

   /** 
    * Create a new ClusteredSession.
    *
    * @param manager the session's manager
    *  
    * @deprecated use {@link ClusteredSession(AbstractJBossManager, boolean)}
    */
00192    protected ClusteredSession(AbstractJBossManager manager)
   {
      this(manager, false);
   }
   
   protected ClusteredSession(AbstractJBossManager manager, boolean useJK)
   {
      super(manager);
      invalidationPolicy = manager.getInvalidateSessionPolicy();
      this.useJK = useJK;
      this.firstAccess = true;
      checkAlwaysReplicateMetadata();
   }

   /**
    * Check to see if the session data is still valid. Outdated here means 
    * that the in-memory data is not in sync with one in the data store.
    * 
    * @return
    */
00212    public boolean isOutdated()
   {
      return thisAccessedTime < outdatedTime;
   }

   /**
    * Marks this session as outdated or up-to-date vis-a-vis the distributed
    * cache.
    * 
    * @param outdated
    * 
    * @deprecated use {@link #setOutdatedVersion(int)} and {@link #clearOutdated()}
    */
00225    public void setIsOutdated(boolean outdated)
   {
      if (outdated)
         outdatedTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
      else
         clearOutdated();
   }
   
   public void setOutdatedVersion(int version)
   {
      this.outdatedVersion = version;
      outdatedTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
   }
   
   public void clearOutdated()
   {
      // Only overwrite the access time if access() hasn't been called
      // since setOutdatedVersion() was called
      if (outdatedTime > thisAccessedTime)
      {
         lastAccessedTime = thisAccessedTime;
         thisAccessedTime = outdatedTime;
      }
      outdatedTime = 0;
      
      // Only overwrite the version if the outdated version is greater
      // Otherwise when we first unmarshal a session that has been
      // replicated many times, we will reset the version to 0
      if (outdatedVersion > version)
         version = outdatedVersion;
      
      outdatedVersion = 0;
   }
   
   public void updateAccessTimeFromOutdatedTime()
   {
      if (outdatedTime > thisAccessedTime)
      {
         lastAccessedTime = thisAccessedTime;
         thisAccessedTime = outdatedTime;
      }
      outdatedTime = 0;
   }

   /**
    * Gets the session id with any appended jvmRoute info removed.
    *
    * @see #getUseJK()
    */
00274    public String getRealId()
   {
      return realId;
   }

   private void parseRealId(String sessionId)
   {
      String newId = null;
      if (useJK)
         newId = Util.getRealId(sessionId);
      else
         newId = sessionId;
      
      // realId is used in a lot of map lookups, so only replace it
      // if the new id is actually different -- preserve object identity
      if (!newId.equals(realId))
         realId = newId;
   }

   /**
    * This is called specifically for failover case using mod_jk where the new 
    * session has this node name in there. As a result, it is safe to just 
    * replace the id since the backend store is using the "real" id
    * without the node name.
    * 
    * @param id
    */
00301    public void resetIdWithRouteInfo(String id)
   {
      this.id = id;
      parseRealId(id);
   }

   public boolean getUseJK()
   {
      return useJK;
   }

   /**
    * Check to see if the input version number is greater than I am. If it is, 
    * it means we will need to invalidate the in-memory cache.
    * @param version
    * @return
    */
00318    public boolean isNewData(int version)
   {
      return (this.version < version);
   }

   public int getVersion()
   {
      return version;
   }
   
   public void setVersion(int version)
   {
      this.version = version;
   }

   /**
    * There are couple ways to generate this version number. 
    * But we will stick with the simple one of incrementing for now.
    * 
    * @return the new version
    */
00339    public int incrementVersion()
   {
      return version++;
   }

   /**
    * @deprecated Returns a meaningless value; use {@link #setMaxUnreplicatedInterval(int)}
    */
00347    public int getMaxUnreplicatedFactor()
   {
      return 80;
   }

   /**
    * @deprecated Ignored; use {@link #setMaxUnreplicatedInterval(int)}
    */
00355    public void setMaxUnreplicatedFactor(int factor)
   {      
   }
   

   /**
    * Overrides the superclass to calculate 
    * {@link #getMaxUnreplicatedInterval() maxUnreplicatedInterval}.
    */
00364    public void setMaxInactiveInterval(int interval)
   {
      super.setMaxInactiveInterval(interval);
      checkAlwaysReplicateMetadata();
      sessionMetadataDirty();
   }

   /**
    * Gets the time {@link #updateLastReplicated()} was last called, or
    * <code>0</code> if it has never been called.
    */
00375    public long getLastReplicated()
   {
      return lastReplicated;
   }
   
   /**
    * Sets the {@link #getLastReplicated() lastReplicated} field to
    * the current time.
    */
00384    public void updateLastReplicated()
   {
      lastReplicated = System.currentTimeMillis();
   }

   /**
    * Get the maximum interval between requests, in <strong>milliseconds</strong>, 
    * after which a request will trigger replication of the session's metadata 
    * regardless of whether the request has otherwise made the session dirty. 
    * <p/>
    * <strong>NOTE:</strong> This value is in milliseconds while the equivalent
    * property in JBossCacheManager is in seconds.
    * 
    * @return the maximum interval since last replication after which a request
    *         will trigger session metadata replication. A value of 
    *         <code>0</code> means replicate metadata on every request; a value 
    *         of <code>-1</code> means never replicate metadata unless the 
    *         session is otherwise dirty.
    */
00403    public long getMaxUnreplicatedInterval()
   {
      return maxUnreplicatedInterval;
   }

   /**
    * Sets the maximum interval between requests, in <strong>milliseconds</strong>, 
    * after which a request will trigger replication of the session's metadata 
    * regardless of whether the request has otherwise made the session dirty. 
    * <p/>
    * <strong>NOTE:</strong> This value is in milliseconds while the equivalent
    * property in JBossCacheManager is in seconds.
    * 
    * @param  maxUnreplicatedInterval  
    *         the maximum interval since last replication after which a request
    *         will trigger session metadata replication. A value of 
    *         <code>0</code> means replicate metadata on every request; a value 
    *         of <code>-1</code> means never replicate metadata unless the 
    *         session is otherwise dirty. A value less than <code>-1</code> is
    *         treated as <code>-1</code>.
    */
00424    public void setMaxUnreplicatedInterval(long interval)
   {
      this.maxUnreplicatedInterval = Math.max(interval, -1);
      checkAlwaysReplicateMetadata();
   }
   
   public boolean getExceedsMaxUnreplicatedInterval()
   {
      boolean exceeds = alwaysReplicateMetadata;
      
      if (!exceeds && maxUnreplicatedInterval > 0) // -1 means ignore
      {
         long unrepl = System.currentTimeMillis() - lastReplicated;
         exceeds = (unrepl >= maxUnreplicatedInterval);
      }      
      
      return exceeds;
   }
   
   private void checkAlwaysReplicateMetadata()
   {
      boolean was = this.alwaysReplicateMetadata;
      this.alwaysReplicateMetadata = 
         (maxUnreplicatedInterval == 0 
            || (maxUnreplicatedInterval > 0 && maxInactiveInterval >= 0 
                  && maxUnreplicatedInterval > (maxInactiveInterval * 1000)));
      
      if (this.alwaysReplicateMetadata && !was && log.isTraceEnabled())
      {
         log.trace(id + " will always replicate metadata; maxUnreplicatedInterval=" 
                   + maxUnreplicatedInterval
                   + ", maxInactiveInterval=" + maxInactiveInterval);
      }  
   }

   /**
    * This is called after loading a session to initialize the transient values.
    *
    * @param manager
    */
   public abstract void initAfterLoad(AbstractJBossManager manager);

   /**
    * Propogate session to the internal store.
    */
   public abstract void processSessionRepl();

   /**
    * Remove myself from the internal store.
    */
   public abstract void removeMyself();

   /**
    * Remove myself from the <t>local</t> internal store.
    */
   public abstract void removeMyselfLocal();


   // ----------------------------------------------- Overridden Public Methods

   public void access()
   {
      super.access();

      // JBAS-3528. If it's not the first access, make sure
      // the 'new' flag is correct
      if (!firstAccess && isNew)
      {
         setNew(false);
      }
      
      if (invalidationPolicy == WebMetaData.SESSION_INVALIDATE_ACCESS)
      {
         this.sessionMetadataDirty();
      }
   }
   
   
   public void endAccess()
   {
      super.endAccess();
      
      if (firstAccess)
      {
         firstAccess = false;
         // Tomcat marks the session as non new, but that's not really
         // accurate per SRV.7.2, as the second request hasn't come in yet
         // So, we fix that
         isNew = true;
      }
   }

   public Object getAttribute(String name)
   {

      if (!isValid())
         throw new IllegalStateException
            (sm.getString("clusteredSession.getAttribute.ise"));

      return getAttributeInternal(name);
   }

   public Enumeration getAttributeNames()
   {
      if (!isValid())
         throw new IllegalStateException
            (sm.getString("clusteredSession.getAttributeNames.ise"));

      return (new Enumerator(getAttributesInternal().keySet(), true));
   }

   public void setAttribute(String name, Object value)
   {
      // Name cannot be null
      if (name == null)
         throw new IllegalArgumentException
            (sm.getString("clusteredSession.setAttribute.namenull"));

      // Null value is the same as removeAttribute()
      if (value == null)
      {
         removeAttribute(name);
         return;
      }

      // Validate our current state
      if (!isValid())
         throw new IllegalStateException
            (sm.getString("clusteredSession.setAttribute.ise"));
      if ((manager != null) && manager.getDistributable() &&
         !(canAttributeBeReplicated(value)))
         throw new IllegalArgumentException
            (sm.getString("clusteredSession.setAttribute.iae"));

      // Construct an event with the new value
      HttpSessionBindingEvent event = null;

      // Call the valueBound() method if necessary
      if (value instanceof HttpSessionBindingListener)
      {
         event = new HttpSessionBindingEvent(getSession(), name, value);
         try
         {
            ((HttpSessionBindingListener) value).valueBound(event);
         }
         catch (Throwable t)
         {
             manager.getContainer().getLogger().error(sm.getString("standardSession.bindingEvent"), t);
         }
      }

      // Replace or add this attribute
      Object unbound = setInternalAttribute(name, value);

      // Call the valueUnbound() method if necessary
      if ((unbound != null) && (unbound != value) &&
         (unbound instanceof HttpSessionBindingListener))
      {
         try
         {
            ((HttpSessionBindingListener) unbound).valueUnbound
               (new HttpSessionBindingEvent(getSession(), name));
         }
         catch (Throwable t)
         {
             manager.getContainer().getLogger().error(sm.getString("standardSession.bindingEvent"), t);
         }
      }

      // Notify interested application event listeners
      Context context = (Context) manager.getContainer();
      Object listeners[] = context.getApplicationEventListeners();
      if (listeners == null)
         return;
      for (int i = 0; i < listeners.length; i++)
      {
         if (!(listeners[i] instanceof HttpSessionAttributeListener))
            continue;
         HttpSessionAttributeListener listener =
            (HttpSessionAttributeListener) listeners[i];
         try
         {
            if (unbound != null)
            {
               fireContainerEvent(context,
                  "beforeSessionAttributeReplaced",
                  listener);
               if (event == null)
               {
                  event = new HttpSessionBindingEvent
                     (getSession(), name, unbound);
               }
               listener.attributeReplaced(event);
               fireContainerEvent(context,
                  "afterSessionAttributeReplaced",
                  listener);
            }
            else
            {
               fireContainerEvent(context,
                  "beforeSessionAttributeAdded",
                  listener);
               if (event == null)
               {
                  event = new HttpSessionBindingEvent
                     (getSession(), name, value);
               }
               listener.attributeAdded(event);
               fireContainerEvent(context,
                  "afterSessionAttributeAdded",
                  listener);
            }
         }
         catch (Throwable t)
         {
            try
            {
               if (unbound != null)
               {
                  fireContainerEvent(context,
                     "afterSessionAttributeReplaced",
                     listener);
               }
               else
               {
                  fireContainerEvent(context,
                     "afterSessionAttributeAdded",
                     listener);
               }
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
               ;
            }
            manager.getContainer().getLogger().error(sm.getString("standardSession.attributeEvent"), t);
         }
      }
   }


   /**
    * Returns whether the attribute's type is one that can be replicated.
    * 
    * @param attribute  the attribute
    * @return <code>true</code> if <code>attribute</code> is <code>null</code>,
    *         <code>Serializable</code> or an array of primitives.
    */
00671    protected boolean canAttributeBeReplicated(Object attribute)
   {
      if (attribute instanceof Serializable || attribute == null)
         return true;
      Class clazz = attribute.getClass().getComponentType();
      return (clazz != null && clazz.isPrimitive());
   }

   /**
    * Invalidates this session and unbinds any objects bound to it.
    * Overridden here to remove across the cluster instead of just expiring.
    *
    * @exception IllegalStateException if this method is called on
    *  an invalidated session
    */
00686    public void invalidate()
   {
      if (!isValid())
         throw new IllegalStateException(sm.getString("clusteredSession.invalidate.ise"));

      // Cause this session to expire globally
      boolean notify = true;
      boolean localCall = true;
      boolean localOnly = false;
      expire(notify, localCall, localOnly);
   }
    
    
   /**
    * Overrides the {@link StandardSession#isValid() superclass method}
    * to call {@ #isValid(boolean) isValid(true)}.
    */
00703    public boolean isValid()
   {
      return isValid(true);
   }
    
   /**
    * Returns whether the current session is still valid, but
    * only calls {@link #expire(boolean)} for timed-out sessions
    * if <code>expireIfInvalid</code> is <code>true</code>.
    * 
    * @param expireIfInvalid  <code>true</code> if sessions that have
    *                         been timed out should be expired
    */
00716    public boolean isValid(boolean expireIfInvalid)
   {
      if (this.expiring)
      {
         return true;
      }

      if (!this.isValid)
      {
         return false;
      }

      if (ACTIVITY_CHECK && accessCount.get() > 0)
      {
          return true;
      }

      if (maxInactiveInterval >= 0)
      {
         long timeNow = System.currentTimeMillis();
         int timeIdle = (int) ((timeNow - thisAccessedTime) / 1000L);
         if (timeIdle >= maxInactiveInterval)
         {
            if (expireIfInvalid)
               expire(true);
            else
               return false;
         }
      }

      return (this.isValid);
       
   }

   /**
    * Expires the session, but in such a way that other cluster nodes
    * are unaware of the expiration.
    *
    * @param notify
    */
00756    public void expire(boolean notify)
   {
      boolean localCall = true;
      boolean localOnly = true;
      expire(notify, localCall, localOnly);
   }

   /**
    * Expires the session, notifying listeners and possibly the manager.
    * <p>
    * <strong>NOTE:</strong> The manager will only be notified of the expiration
    * if <code>localCall</code> is <code>true</code>; otherwise it is the 
    * responsibility of the caller to notify the manager that the session is 
    * expired. (In the case of JBossCacheManager, it is the manager itself
    * that makes such a call, so it of course is aware).
    * </p>
    * 
    * @param notify    whether servlet spec listeners should be notified
    * @param localCall <code>true</code> if this call originated due to local 
    *                  activity (such as a session invalidation in user code
    *                  or an expiration by the local background processing
    *                  thread); <code>false</code> if the expiration
    *                  originated due to some kind of event notification
    *                  from the cluster.
    * @param localOnly  <code>true</code> if the expiration should not be
    *                   announced to the cluster, <code>false</code> if other
    *                   cluster nodes should be made aware of the expiration.
    *                   Only meaningful if <code>localCall</code> is
    *                   <code>true</code>.
    */
00786    public void expire(boolean notify, boolean localCall, boolean localOnly)
   {
      if (log.isDebugEnabled())
      {
         log.debug("The session has expired with id: " + id + 
                   " -- is it local? " + localOnly);
      }
      
      // If another thread is already doing this, stop
      if (expiring)
         return;

      synchronized (this)
      {
         // If we had a race to this sync block, another thread may
         // have already completed expiration.  If so, don't do it again
         if (!isValid)
            return;

         if (manager == null)
            return;

         expiring = true;

         // Notify interested application event listeners
         // FIXME - Assumes we call listeners in reverse order
         Context context = (Context) manager.getContainer();
         Object listeners[] = context.getApplicationLifecycleListeners();
         if (notify && (listeners != null))
         {
            HttpSessionEvent event =
               new HttpSessionEvent(getSession());
            for (int i = 0; i < listeners.length; i++)
            {
               int j = (listeners.length - 1) - i;
               if (!(listeners[j] instanceof HttpSessionListener))
                  continue;
               HttpSessionListener listener =
                  (HttpSessionListener) listeners[j];
               try
               {
                  fireContainerEvent(context,
                     "beforeSessionDestroyed",
                     listener);
                  listener.sessionDestroyed(event);
                  fireContainerEvent(context,
                     "afterSessionDestroyed",
                     listener);
               }
               catch (Throwable t)
               {
                  try
                  {
                     fireContainerEvent(context,
                        "afterSessionDestroyed",
                        listener);
                  }
                  catch (Exception e)
                  {
                     ;
                  }
                  manager.getContainer().getLogger().error(sm.getString("standardSession.sessionEvent"), t);
               }
            }
         }
         if (ACTIVITY_CHECK) {
             accessCount.set(0);
         }

         // Notify interested session event listeners. 
         if (notify)
         {
            fireSessionEvent(Session.SESSION_DESTROYED_EVENT, null);
         }

         // JBAS-1360 -- Unbind any objects associated with this session
         String keys[] = keys();
         for (int i = 0; i < keys.length; i++)
             removeAttributeInternal(keys[i], localCall, localOnly, notify);

         // Remove this session from our manager's active sessions
         removeFromManager(localCall, localOnly);

         // We have completed expire of this session
         setValid(false);
         expiring = false;
      }

   }
   
   /**
    * Advise our manager to remove this expired session.
    * 
    * @param localCall whether this call originated from local activity
    *                  or from a remote invalidation.  In this default
    *                  implementation, this parameter is ignored.
    * @param localOnly whether the rest of the cluster should be made aware
    *                  of the removal
    */
00885    protected void removeFromManager(boolean localCall, boolean localOnly)
   {
      if(localOnly)
            {
                ((AbstractJBossManager) manager).removeLocal(this);
      } 
      else
      {
         manager.remove(this);
      }
   }

   public void passivate()
   {
      // Notify interested session event listeners
      fireSessionEvent(Session.SESSION_PASSIVATED_EVENT, null);

      if (hasActivationListener != Boolean.FALSE)
      {
         boolean hasListener = false;
         
         // Notify ActivationListeners
         HttpSessionEvent event = null;
         String keys[] = keys();
         Map attrs = getAttributesInternal();
         for (int i = 0; i < keys.length; i++) 
         {
            Object attribute = attrs.get(keys[i]);
            if (attribute instanceof HttpSessionActivationListener) 
            {
               hasListener = true;
               
               if (event == null)
                  event = new HttpSessionEvent(getSession());
               try 
               {
                  ((HttpSessionActivationListener)attribute).sessionWillPassivate(event);
               }
               catch (Throwable t) 
               {
                  manager.getContainer().getLogger().error
                         (sm.getString("clusteredSession.attributeEvent"), t);
               }
            }
         }
         
         hasActivationListener = hasListener ? Boolean.TRUE : Boolean.FALSE;
      }
   }

   public void activate()
   {
      // Notify interested session event listeners
      fireSessionEvent(Session.SESSION_ACTIVATED_EVENT, null);

      if (hasActivationListener != Boolean.FALSE)
      {
         // Notify ActivationListeners

         boolean hasListener = false;
         
         HttpSessionEvent event = null;
         String keys[] = keys();
         Map attrs = getAttributesInternal();
         for (int i = 0; i < keys.length; i++) 
         {
            Object attribute = attrs.get(keys[i]);
            if (attribute instanceof HttpSessionActivationListener) 
            {
               hasListener = true;
               if (event == null)
                  event = new HttpSessionEvent(getSession());
               try 
               {
                  ((HttpSessionActivationListener)attribute).sessionDidActivate(event);
               }
               catch (Throwable t) 
               {
                  manager.getContainer().getLogger().error
                         (sm.getString("clusteredSession.attributeEvent"), t);
               }
            }
         }
         
         hasActivationListener = hasListener ? Boolean.TRUE : Boolean.FALSE;
      }
   }

   // TODO uncomment when work on JBAS-1900 is completed
//   public void removeNote(String name)
//   {
//      // FormAuthenticator removes the username and password because
//      // it assumes they are not needed if the Principal is cached,
//      // but they are needed if the session fails over, so ignore
//      // the removal request.
//      // TODO discuss this on Tomcat dev list to see if a better
//      // way of handling this can be found
//      if (Constants.SESS_USERNAME_NOTE.equals(name) 
//            || Constants.SESS_PASSWORD_NOTE.equals(name))
//      {
//         if (log.isDebugEnabled())
//         {
//            log.debug("removeNote(): ignoring removal of note " + name);
//         }
//      }
//      else
//      {
//         super.removeNote(name);
//      }
//      
//   }

   // TODO uncomment when work on JBAS-1900 is completed
//   public void setNote(String name, Object value)
//   {
//      super.setNote(name, value);
//      
//      if (Constants.SESS_USERNAME_NOTE.equals(name) 
//            || Constants.SESS_PASSWORD_NOTE.equals(name))
//      {
//         sessionIsDirty();
//      }
//   }

   /**
    * Override the superclass to additionally reset this class' fields.
    * <p>
    * <strong>NOTE:</strong> It is not anticipated that this method will be
    * called on a ClusteredSession, but we are overriding the method to be
    * thorough.
    * </p>
    */
01017    public void recycle()
   {
      super.recycle();
      
      // Fields that the superclass isn't clearing
      listeners.clear();
      support = new PropertyChangeSupport(this);
      
      invalidationPolicy = 0;
      outdatedTime = 0;
      outdatedVersion = 0;
      sessionAttributesDirty = false;
      sessionMetadataDirty = false;
      realId = null;
      useJK = false;
      version = 0;
      hasActivationListener = null;
      lastReplicated = 0;
      maxUnreplicatedInterval = 0;
      this.alwaysReplicateMetadata = true;
   }
   
   /**
    * Set the creation time for this session.  This method is called by the
    * Manager when an existing Session instance is reused.
    *
    * @param time The new creation time
    */
01045    public void setCreationTime(long time)
   {
      super.setCreationTime(time);
      sessionMetadataDirty();
   }
   
   /**
    * Overrides the superclass method to also set the
    * {@link #getRealId() realId} property.
    */
01055    public void setId(String id)
   {
      // Parse the real id first, as super.setId() calls add(),
      // which depends on having the real id
      parseRealId(id);
      super.setId(id);
   }

   /**
    * Set the authenticated Principal that is associated with this Session.
    * This provides an <code>Authenticator</code> with a means to cache a
    * previously authenticated Principal, and avoid potentially expensive
    * <code>Realm.authenticate()</code> calls on every request.
    *
    * @param principal The new Principal, or <code>null</code> if none
    */
01071    public void setPrincipal(Principal principal)
   {

      Principal oldPrincipal = this.principal;
      this.principal = principal;
      support.firePropertyChange("principal", oldPrincipal, this.principal);

      if ((oldPrincipal != null && !oldPrincipal.equals(principal)) ||
         (oldPrincipal == null && principal != null))
         sessionMetadataDirty();

   }
   
   public void setNew(boolean isNew)
   {
      super.setNew(isNew);
      // Don't replicate metadata just 'cause its the second request
      // The only effect of this is if someone besides a request 
      // deserializes metadata from the distributed cache, this 
      // field may be out of date.
      // If a request accesses the session, the access() call will
      // set isNew=false, so the request will see the correct value
      // sessionMetadataDirty();
   }
   
   public void setValid(boolean isValid)
   {
      super.setValid(isValid);
      sessionMetadataDirty();
   }

   public String toString()
   {
      StringBuffer buf = new StringBuffer();
      buf.append("id: " +id).append(" lastAccessedTime: " +lastAccessedTime).append(
              " version: " +version).append(" lastOutdated: " + outdatedTime);

      return buf.toString();
   }

   // ---------------------------------------------------------  Externalizable

   /**
    * Reads all non-transient state from the ObjectOutput <i>except
    * the attribute map</i>.  Subclasses that wish the attribute map
    * to be read should override this method and 
    * {@link #writeExternal(ObjectOutput) writeExternal()}.
    * 
    * <p>
    * This method is deliberately public so it can be used to reset
    * the internal state of a session object using serialized
    * contents replicated from another JVM via JBossCache.
    * </p>
    * 
    * @see java.io.Externalizable#readExternal(java.io.ObjectInput)
    */
01127    public void readExternal(ObjectInput in) 
      throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException
   {
      synchronized (this)
      {
         //    From StandardSession
         id                  = in.readUTF();
         creationTime        = in.readLong();
         lastAccessedTime    = in.readLong();
         maxInactiveInterval = in.readInt();
         isNew               = in.readBoolean();
         isValid             = in.readBoolean();
         thisAccessedTime    = in.readLong();
         
         // From ClusteredSession
         invalidationPolicy  = in.readInt();
         version             = in.readInt();
   
         // Get our id without any jvmRoute appended
         parseRealId(id);
         
         // We no longer know if we have an activationListener
         hasActivationListener = null;
         
         // If the session has been replicated, any subsequent
         // access cannot be the first.
         this.firstAccess = false;
         
         // Assume deserialization means replication and use thisAccessedTime
         // as a proxy for when replication occurred
         this.lastReplicated = this.thisAccessedTime;
         
         checkAlwaysReplicateMetadata();
         
         // TODO uncomment when work on JBAS-1900 is completed      
//         // Session notes -- for FORM auth apps, allow replicated session 
//         // to be used without requiring a new login
//         // We use the superclass set/removeNote calls here to bypass
//         // the custom logic we've added      
//         String username     = (String) in.readObject();
//         if (username != null)
//         {
//            super.setNote(Constants.SESS_USERNAME_NOTE, username);
//         }
//         else
//         {
//            super.removeNote(Constants.SESS_USERNAME_NOTE);
//         }
//         String password     = (String) in.readObject();
//         if (password != null)
//         {
//            super.setNote(Constants.SESS_PASSWORD_NOTE, password);
//         }
//         else
//         {
//            super.removeNote(Constants.SESS_PASSWORD_NOTE);
//         }
      }
   }

   
   /**
    * Writes all non-transient state to the ObjectOutput <i>except
    * the attribute map</i>.  Subclasses that wish the attribute map
    * to be written should override this method and append it.
    *  
    * @see java.io.Externalizable#writeExternal(java.io.ObjectOutput)
    */
01195    public void writeExternal(ObjectOutput out) 
      throws IOException
   {
      synchronized (this)
      {
         // From StandardSession
         out.writeUTF(id);
         out.writeLong(creationTime);
         out.writeLong(lastAccessedTime);
         out.writeInt(maxInactiveInterval);
         out.writeBoolean(isNew);
         out.writeBoolean(isValid);
         out.writeLong(thisAccessedTime);
         
         // From ClusteredSession
         out.writeInt(invalidationPolicy);
         out.writeInt(version);
         
         // TODO uncomment when work on JBAS-1900 is completed  
//         // Session notes -- for FORM auth apps, allow replicated session 
//         // to be used without requiring a new login 
//         String username = (String) getNote(Constants. SESS_USERNAME_NOTE);
//         log.debug(Constants.SESS_USERNAME_NOTE + " = " + username);
//         out.writeObject(username);
//         String password = (String) getNote(Constants.SESS_PASSWORD_NOTE);
//         log.debug(Constants.SESS_PASSWORD_NOTE + " = " + password);
//         out.writeObject(password);
      }
   }

   // ----------------------------------------------------- Protected Methods
   
   /**
    * Removes any attribute whose name is found in {@link #excludedAttributes}
    * from <code>attributes</code> and returns a Map of all such attributes.
    * 
    * @param attributes source map from which excluded attributes are to be
    *                   removed.
    *                   
    * @return Map that contains any attributes removed from 
    *         <code>attributes</code>, or <code>null</code> if no attributes
    *         were removed.
    */
01238    protected static Map removeExcludedAttributes(Map attributes)
   {
      Map excluded = null;
      for (int i = 0; i < excludedAttributes.length; i++) {
         Object attr = attributes.remove(excludedAttributes[i]);
         if (attr != null)
         {
            if (log.isTraceEnabled())
            {
               log.trace("Excluding attribute " + excludedAttributes[i] + 
                         " from replication");
            }
            if (excluded == null)
            {
               excluded = new HashMap();
            }
            excluded.put(excludedAttributes[i], attr);
         }
      }
      
      return excluded;      
   }
   
   // -------------------------------------- Internal protected method override

   /**
    * Method inherited from Tomcat. Return zero-length based string if not found.
    */
01266    protected String[] keys()
   {
      return ((String[]) getAttributesInternal().keySet().toArray(EMPTY_ARRAY));
   }

   /**
    * Called by super.removeAttribute().
    * 
    * @param name      the attribute name 
    * @param notify    <code>true</code> if listeners should be notified
    */
01277    protected void removeAttributeInternal(String name, boolean notify)
   {
      boolean localCall = true;
      boolean localOnly = false;
      removeAttributeInternal(name, localCall, localOnly, notify);
   }
   
   /**
    * Remove the attribute from the local cache and possibly the distributed
    * cache, plus notify any listeners
    * 
    * @param name      the attribute name
    * @param localCall <code>true</code> if this call originated from local 
    *                  activity (e.g. a removeAttribute() in the webapp or a 
    *                  local session invalidation/expiration), 
    *                  <code>false</code> if it originated due to an remote
    *                  event in the distributed cache. 
    * @param localOnly <code>true</code> if the removal should not be
    *                  replicated around the cluster
    * @param notify    <code>true</code> if listeners should be notified
    */
01298    protected void removeAttributeInternal(String name, 
                                          boolean localCall, 
                                          boolean localOnly,
                                          boolean notify)
   {

      // Remove this attribute from our collection
      Object value = removeAttributeInternal(name, localCall, localOnly);

      // Do we need to do valueUnbound() and attributeRemoved() notification?
      if (!notify || (value == null))
      {
         return;
      }

      // Call the valueUnbound() method if necessary
      HttpSessionBindingEvent event = null;
      if (value instanceof HttpSessionBindingListener)
      {
         event = new HttpSessionBindingEvent(getSession(), name, value);
         ((HttpSessionBindingListener) value).valueUnbound(event);
      }

      // Notify interested application event listeners
      Context context = (Context) manager.getContainer();
      Object listeners[] = context.getApplicationEventListeners();
      if (listeners == null)
         return;
      for (int i = 0; i < listeners.length; i++)
      {
         if (!(listeners[i] instanceof HttpSessionAttributeListener))
            continue;
         HttpSessionAttributeListener listener =
            (HttpSessionAttributeListener) listeners[i];
         try
         {
            fireContainerEvent(context,
               "beforeSessionAttributeRemoved",
               listener);
            if (event == null)
            {
               event = new HttpSessionBindingEvent
                  (getSession(), name, value);
            }
            listener.attributeRemoved(event);
            fireContainerEvent(context,
               "afterSessionAttributeRemoved",
               listener);
         }
         catch (Throwable t)
         {
            try
            {
               fireContainerEvent(context,
                  "afterSessionAttributeRemoved",
                  listener);
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
               ;
            }
            manager.getContainer().getLogger().error(sm.getString("standardSession.attributeEvent"), t);
         }
      }

   }

   /**
    * Exists in this class solely to act as an API-compatible bridge to the 
    * deprecated {@link #removeJBossInternalAttribute(String)}.  
    * JBossCacheClusteredSession subclasses will override this to call their
    * own methods that make use of localCall and localOnly
    * 
    * @param name
    * @param localCall
    * @param localOnly
    * @return
    * 
    * @deprecated will be replaced by removeJBossInternalAttribute(String, boolean, boolean)
    */
01378    protected Object removeAttributeInternal(String name, 
                                            boolean localCall, 
                                            boolean localOnly)
   {
      return removeJBossInternalAttribute(name);
   }

   protected Object getAttributeInternal(String name)
   {
      return getJBossInternalAttribute(name);
   }

   protected Map getAttributesInternal()
   {
      return getJBossInternalAttributes();
   }

   protected Object setInternalAttribute(String name, Object value)
   {
      if (value instanceof HttpSessionActivationListener)
         hasActivationListener = Boolean.TRUE;
      
      return setJBossInternalAttribute(name, value);
   }

   // ------------------------------------------ JBoss internal abstract method

   protected abstract Object getJBossInternalAttribute(String name);

   /** @deprecated will be replaced by removeJBossInternalAttribute(String, boolean, boolean) */
   protected abstract Object removeJBossInternalAttribute(String name);

   protected abstract Map getJBossInternalAttributes();

   protected abstract Object setJBossInternalAttribute(String name, Object value);

   // ------------------------------------------------ Session Package Methods

   protected void sessionAttributesDirty()
   {
      sessionAttributesDirty = true;
   }
   
   protected boolean getSessionAttributesDirty()
   {
      return sessionAttributesDirty;
   }
   
   protected void sessionMetadataDirty()
   {
      sessionMetadataDirty = true;
   }
   
   protected boolean getSessionMetadataDirty()
   {
      return sessionMetadataDirty;
   }
   
   /**
    * Calls {@link #sessionAttributesDirty()} and 
    * {@link #sessionMetadataDirty()}.
    *
    * @deprecated use one of the more fine-grained methods.
    */
01442    protected void sessionDirty()
   {
      sessionAttributesDirty();
      sessionMetadataDirty();
   }

   public boolean isSessionDirty()
   {
      return sessionAttributesDirty || sessionMetadataDirty;
   }
   
   public boolean getReplicateSessionBody()
   {
      return sessionMetadataDirty || getExceedsMaxUnreplicatedInterval()
                || (maxUnreplicatedInterval == -1 && sessionAttributesDirty);
   }

   protected boolean isGetDirty(Object attribute)
   {
      boolean result = false;
      switch (invalidationPolicy)
      {
         case (WebMetaData.SESSION_INVALIDATE_SET_AND_GET):
            result = true;
            break;
         case (WebMetaData.SESSION_INVALIDATE_SET_AND_NON_PRIMITIVE_GET):
            result = isMutable(attribute);
            break;
         default:
            // result is false
}
      return result;
   }
   
   protected boolean isMutable(Object attribute)
   {
      return attribute != null &&
                !(attribute instanceof String ||
                  attribute instanceof Number ||
                  attribute instanceof Character ||
                  attribute instanceof Boolean);
   }

}

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